Pamukkale is a town in southwestern Turkey known for the mineral-rich thermal waters flowing down white travertine terraces on a nearby hillside. The 17 hot water springs that fill the travertine terraces of Pamukkale in that have been providing soothing mineral soaks to bathers for thousands of years.
But beyond the health benefits, the area is a geologic wonder that occurs when calcite is deposited by the water as it pours over the edges of the pools. The result is an expansive cliff covered in white sparkling cascades of stone petrified waterfalls that look like the work of fairy magic frozen in time.
The Antique Pool is famous for its submerged Roman columns, the result of an earthquake. The location was the home of the ancient Greco-Roman city of Hierapolis, which was built on top of the “cotton castle” and that is what Pamukkale means in Turkish. It neighbors Hierapolis, an ancient Roman spa city founded around 190 B.C. Ruins there include a well-preserved theater and a necropolis with sarcophagi that stretch for 2km.
Source – treehugger.com & Internet