For millions of years, flowers have dotted the landscape. Their simple manipulative evolutionary innovation—using color and scent to trick insects and animals into doing their bidding—has persisted and proven to be highly effective. Today, flowering plants are among the most diverse classes of life on the planet. Far from the garden varieties, these flowers show just how far the adaptations have been pushed.
Kadupul Flower – Priceless Flower on Earth
Native to Sri Lanka, these oddly scented, delicate white flowers also are known as night-blooming Cereus. Few living things are both as poetic and ephemeral as the Kadupul flower, a fleeting beauty from Sri Lanka that blooms as infrequently as once a year. And when it does bloom, it does so in the dark of night and withers away before dawn .so transient, it simply can’t be purchased.
Rafflesia arnoldii – Biggest Flower on Earth
Among all of the flowers, Rafflesia arnoldii blooms the largest single flower. More than its size, Rafflesia is known for its scent. Dubbed the “corpse flower,” the large bloom reeks of rotting meat—an adaptation it has developed to attract the flies that help pollinate the plant. Native to rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia, the flower can be up to three feet in diameter and has weighed in at more than 24 pounds. The unusual flower only grows on the tendrils of the Tetrastigma vine, which in turn only grows in the pristine rainforest—meaning Rafflesia arnoldii’s habitat is rapidly disappearing.
Titan arum, corpse flower – Worst-Smelling Flower in the World
The titan arum nicknamed the corpse flower, carries the unfortunate designation of being “the worst smelling flower in the world.” It smells like — you guessed it — a stinking, rotting corpse. It does its job well enough, since its principal pollinators are flies and beetles that prefer to lay their eggs in dead things. The flower is also clearly titanic, with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world. This is one massive, smelly bloom. It’s vase-like exterior contains thousands of flowers inside, all puffing their fetor into the air. The inside of the spathe is the color of red meat, for added effect. The only good news is that the flower’s bloom doesn’t last very long, only about 24 to 48 hours, after blooming only once every four to six years.
Nepenthes Tenax – Carnivorous flower
Nepenthes Tenax is a lowland species of tropical pitcher plant native to northern Queensland, Australia. this plant is eaten flesh. botanical archeologists have witnessed it consuming mice, rats, and small lizards. Nepenthes Tenax, discovered in Cape York, can grow up to 100 centimeters (40 inches), with vines growing to more than 25 cm (10 inches) high.
Wolffia flower – world’s smallest flower
Wolffia plants grow in the stagnant water of ponds, lakes and marshes. These flowers consist only of a microscopic pistil and stamen. Watermeal flowers produce the world’s smallest fruits called utricles. To get a sense of the beauty and perfection of this miniscule flower, you will have to have quite a powerful microscope.